Do you know of all known scientists, who is it that first proposed a round Earth, spinning and going round the Sun?
It was Aryabhatta, the Indian mathematical genius. He proposed his model in the year 499. To quote from the source:
Aryabhata gives the radius of the planetary orbits in terms of the radius of the Earth/Sun orbit as essentially their periods of rotation around the Sun. He believes that the Moon and planets shine by reflected sunlight, incredibly he believes that the orbits of the planets are ellipses. He correctly explains the causes of eclipses of the Sun and the Moon. The Indian belief up to that time was that eclipses were caused by a demon called Rahu. His value for the length of the year at 365 days 6 hours 12 minutes 30 seconds is an overestimate since the true value is less than 365 days 6 hours.
However, his model did not find much audience. To quote the souce again:
He believed that the apparent rotation of the heavens was due to the axial rotation of the Earth. This is a quite remarkable view of the nature of the solar system which later commentators could not bring themselves to follow and most changed the text to save Aryabhata from what they thought were stupid errors!
The heliocentric model was introduced again by the Arab astronomers 5 centuries before Galileo. Not only that, they ascribed the apparent change in height of the Sun to tilt of the earth’s spin axis with respect to the orbital rotation axid. They explained the change of season according to this model. They calculated the angle of tilt of Earth’s spin axis with respect to the orbital rotation axis to a very good precision. (And they were never charged with heresy).
So, what do we hear from the science textbooks? The European Science of course, and not Science in it’s raceless generality.